In the administration of a hospital or a medical center, one will encounter these two phrases, namely, patient safety program and safe hospital initiative. Questions are: 1) Are they the same? 2) If not, what are the differences? 3) Do they have something in common?
Patient safety program and safe hospital initiative are not exactly the same. Patient safety program is focused on safety of patients inside the medical center in the aspect of medical management. Safe hospital initiative is focused on safety of patients inside the medical center in the aspect of disaster risk reduction and management. Safety of patients is what patient safety program and safe hospital initiative have in common.
The ultimate goal of safe hospital initiative is that the medical center has a safety level that is sufficient to protect patients during and after a disaster event and is likely to continue functioning in disaster situations.
There are three standard indicators being used in safe hospital initiative, namely, structural, non-structural, and functional.
Safe in Structural Component means the hospital will not collapse thereby protect patients, staff, and properties; being safe to accommodate patients from external mass casualty incidents; continue to function during disasters.
Safe in Non-Structural Component means the hospital non-load bearing structures and facilities will not be destroyed / swept away, thereby protect patients, staff, and properties; continue to function effectively and safely during disasters for current patients and external mass casualty incident patients.
Safe in Functional Component means the hospital services will continue to function at its maximum capacity for its current patients; for surge of patients; and will remain accessible to patients from external mass casualty incidents during disasters.
The ultimate goal of patient safety program is that the medical center has a safety level that is sufficient to protect patients from harm and preventable complication and mortality (adverse events) during medical management.